Research Findings


  • Snider, S. E., Quisenberry, A. J., & Bickel, W. K. (2016). Order in the absence of an effect: Identifying rate-dependent relationships. Behavioural Processes, Advanced online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2016.03.012
  • Bickel, W. K., Quisenberry, A. J., & Snider, S. E. (2016). Does Impulsivity Change Rate Dependently Following Stimulant Administration? A Translational Selective Review and Re-analysis Psychopharmacology, 233, 1-18. doi: 10.1007/s00213-015-4148-y
  • Bickel, W. K., Snider, S. E., Quisenberry, A. J., Stein, J. S., & Hanlon, C. (2016). Competing Neurobehavioral Decision Systems Theory: From Mechanisms to Therapeutic Opportunities. Progress in Brain Research: Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation – Constructs and Drugs, 223, 269 – 293. doi:
  • Wilson, A. G., Franck, C. T., Koffarnus, M. N., Bickel, W. K. (2016). Behavioral economics of cigarette purchases: Within-subject comparison of real, potentially real, and hypothetical cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 18(5), DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv154.
  • Moody, L., Franck, C. T., Bickel, W. K. (2016). Comorbid depression, antisocial personality, & substance dependence: Effects on delay discounting. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.01.009.
  • Bickel, W. K., Mellis, A. M., Snider, S. E., Moody, L., Stein, J. S., Quisenberry, A. J. (in press). Novel therapeutics for addiction: Behavioral- and neuro-economic approaches. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry.
  • Moody, L. & Bickel, W. K. (in press). Computer-Assisted and Web-Based Innovations in Psychology: Substance Use and Addictions. In J. Luiselli & A. Fisher (Eds.). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Quisenberry, A. J., Snider, S. E., Bickel, W. K. (in press). The return of rate dependence: Identifying an alternative source of variability. Commentary submitted to Behavior Analysis section of Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice.
  • Sheffer, C. E., MacKillop, J., Fernandez, A., Christensen, D., Bickel, W. K., Johnson, M. W., Panissidi, L., Pittman, J., Franck, C. T., Williams, J., Mathew, M. (in press). Initial examination of priming tasks to decrease delay discounting. Behavioural Processes.
  • Snider, S. E., LaConte. S., Bickel, W. K. (in press). Episodic future thinking: Expansion of the temporal window in individuals with alcohol dependence. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.
  • Snider, S. E., Quisenberry, A. J., Bickel, W. K. (in press) Order in the absence of an effect: Identifying rate dependent relationships. Behavioural Processes – Special Issue.


  • Bickel, W. K. (2015). Discounting of delayed rewards as an endophenotype (invited commentary). Biological Psychiatry, 77(10), 846-847. DOI:
  • Bickel, W. K., MacKillop, J., Madden, G. J., Odum, A. L., Yi, R. (2015). Experimental Manipulations of Delay Discounting and Related Processes: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 103(1), 1-9. DOI: 10.1002/jeab.133.
  • Bickel, W. K., Moody, L., Quisenberry, A.J. (2015). Computerized working-memory training as a candidate adjunctive treatment for addiction. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 36(1), 123-126.
  • Bickel, W. K., Mueller, E. T., MacKillop, J., & Yi, R. (2015). Behavioral economics and neuro-economic perspectives on addiction. In K. Sher (Ed). The Oxford Handbook of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders (Volume 1). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780199381678. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199381678.001.0001.
  • Bickel, W. K., Quisenberry, A. J., Moody, L., Wilson, A. G. (2015). Therapeutic opportunities for self-control repair in addiction and related disorders: Change and the limits of change in trans-disease processes. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(1), 140-153. doi: 10.1177/2167702614541260.
  • Bickel, W. K., Quisenberry, A. J., Snider, S. E. (2015). Does impulsivity change rate dependently following stimulant administration? A translational selective review and re-analysis. Psychopharmacology, 233(1), 1-18. doi: 10.1007/s00213-015-4148-y.
  • Budney, A. J., Marsch, L. A., Bickel, W.K. (2015). Computerized therapies in the treatment of substance use disorders: Toward an Addiction Treatment Technology Test. In N. el-Guebaly, G. Carrà and M. Galanter (Eds). Textbook of Addiction Treatment: International Perspectives. Springer Milan Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London. ISBN-13: 978-8847053212 ISBN-10: 8847053218.
  • Evans, S. D., Sheffer, C. E., Bickel, W. K., Cottoms, N., Olson, M., Panissidi, L., Austin, T., Stayna, H., Sanborn, V. (2015). The process of adapting the evidence-based treatment for tobacco dependence for smokers of lower socioeconomic status. Addiction Research & Therapy, 6(1), 219. DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000219.
  • Franck, C.T., Koffarnus, M. N., House, L. L., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Accurate characterization of delay discounting: A multiple model approach using approximate Bayesian model selection and a unified discounting measure. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 103(1), 218-233. ISSN: 1938-3711 (Electronic) 0022-5002 (Linking). DOI: 10.1002/jeab.128.
  • Hamilton, K. R., Mitchell, M. R., Wing, V. C., Balodis, I. M., Bickel, W. K., Fillmore, M., Lane, S. D., Lejuez, C. W., Littlefield, A.,K., Luijten, M., Mathias, C. W., Mitchell, S. H., Napier, T. C., Reynolds, B., Schütz, C. G., Setlow, B., Sher, K. J., Swann, A. C., Tedford, S. E., White, M. J., Winstanley, C., Yi, R., Potenza, M. N., Moeller, F. G. (2015). Choice impulsivity: Definitions, measurement issues, and clinical implications. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research and Treatment, 6(2), 182-198. ISSN: 1949-2723 (Electronic). DOI: 10.1037/per0000099.
  • Higgins, S. T., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Substance Use Disorders: A Theoretical Framework. In I. P. Stolerman and L. H. Price (Eds). Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology, Second Edition, Berlin, DE, Springer‐Verlag. ISBN 978-3-642-36171-5.
  • Jarmolowicz, D. P., Reed, D. D., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Neuroeconomics: Implications for understanding and treating addictive behavior. In S. Feldstein Ewing, K. Witkiewitz, and F. Filbey (Eds). Neuroimaging and Psychosocial Addiction Treatment: An Integrative Guide for Researchers and Clinicians. Palgrave. ISBN: 9781137362643
  • Jarmolowicz, D. P., Reed, D. D., Reed, F. D., Bickel, W. K. (2015). The behavioral and neuroeconomics of reinforcer pathologies: Implications for managerial and health decision making. Managerial and Decision Economics. Published online May 2015. DOI: 10.1002/mde.2716.
  • Kim-Spoon, J., McCullough, M. E., Bickel, W. K., Farley, J. P., & Longo, G. S. (2015). Longitudinal associations among religiousness, delay discounting, and substance use initiation in early adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 25(1), 36-43. DOI: 10.1111/jora.12104.
  • Koffarnus, M. N., Franck, C. T., Stein, J. S., Bickel, W. K. (2015). A modified exponential behavioral economic demand model to better describe consumption data. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(6),504-512. doi: 10.1037/pha0000045.
  • Koffarnus, M. N., Wilson, A. G., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Effects of experimental income on demand for potentially real cigarettes. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 17(3), 292-298. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntu139.
  • MacKillop, J., Gray, J. C., Bidwell, L. C., Bickel, W. K., Sheffer, C., McGeary, J. E. (2015). Genetic influences on delay discounting in smokers: Examination of a priori candidates and exploration of dopamine-related haplotypes. Psychopharmacology, 232, 3731-3739. doi: 10.1007/s00213-015-4029-4.
  • Moody, L., Franck, C. T., Hatz, L., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Impulsivity and polysubstance use: A systematic comparison of delay discounting in mono, dual, and tri-substance use. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. PMID: 26691847.
  • Quisenberry, A. J., Eddy, C. R., Patterson, D. L., Franck, C. T., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Regret expression and social learning increases delay to sexual gratification. PLOS One, 10 (8), e0135977. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135977.
  • Quisenberry, A. J., Koffarnus, M. N., Hatz, L., Bickel, W. K. (2015). The experimental tobacco marketplace: Substitutability as a function of the price of conventional cigarettes. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv230.
  • Stein, J. S., Koffarnus, M. N., Snider, S. E., Quisenberry, A. J., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Identification and management of nonsystematic purchase-task data: Towards best practice. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(5), 377-386. doi: 10.1037/pha0000020.
  • Thomas, J. G., Seiden, A., Koffarnus, M. N., Bickel, W. K., Wing, R. R. (2015). Delayed reward discounting and grit in men and women with and without obesity. Obesity Science & Practice, 1(2),131-135. doi: 10.1002/osp4.12.
  • Wilson, A. G., Franck, C. T., Koffarnus, M. N., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Behavioral economics of cigarette purchases: Within-subject comparison of real, potentially real, and hypothetical cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntv154.
  • Wilson, A. G., Franck, C. T., Mueller, E. T., Landes, R. D., Kowal, B. P., Yi, R., Bickel, W. K. (2015). Predictors of delay discounting among smokers: Education and a utility measure of cigarette reinforcement efficacy are better predictors than demographics, smoking characteristics, executive functioning, or time perception. Addictive Behaviors, 45, 124-133. DOI: 0.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.027. Epub 2015 Jan 22. PMID: 25661991.
  • Worley, M., Shoptaw, S. J., Bickel, W. K., Ling, W. (2015). Using behavioral economics to predict opioid use during prescription opioid dependence treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 148, 62-68. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.018. Epub 2014 Dec 30. PMID: 25622776.